Oberschlesien ist der südöstliche Teil der historischen Region Schlesien, der heute größtenteils in Polen liegt. In 1742 the greater part of Upper Silesia was annexed by the Kingdom of Prussia, and in 1871 it became part of the German Empire. Learn how to create your own. The current head of the movement is Jerzy Gorzelik. Coordinates: 50°N 18°E / 50°N 18°E / 50; 18, Historical region in Poland and Czech Republic, Upper Silesia is in Poland, to the north-east of the Czech Republic, Ethnolinguistic structure before the plebiscite, Interwar Silesian Voivodeship was formed from Prussian, http://sport.nowiny.pyrsk.com/artikel.php?tymat=3, http://www.slunskoeka.pyrsk.com/menu.html, "Stosunki narodowościowe na Śląsku w świetle relacji pruskich urzędników z roku 1882", Volksabstimmungen in Oberschlesien 1920-1922 (gonschior.de), Die Volksabstimmung in Oberschlesien 1921 (home.arcor.de), "Cf. Finally, in 1137, the Polish prince Bolesław III Wrymouth (1107–1138) came to terms with Duke Soběslav I of Bohemia, when a peace was made confirming the border along the Sudetes. Upon the death of the Jagiellonian king Louis II in 1526, the Bohemian crown lands were inherited by the Austrian House of Habsburg. Jahrhundert", Report on the Typhus Epidemic in Upper Silesia, Evangelical Church in Berlin, Brandenburg and Silesian Upper Lusatia, Silesian Evangelical Church of the Augsburg Confession, Evangelical Church of the Augsburg Confession in Poland, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Upper_Silesia&oldid=986016276, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Silesian-language text, Pages using infobox settlement with no coordinates, Articles containing Lower Silesian-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2010, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, H. Förster, B. Kortus (1989) "Social-Geographical Problems of the Cracow and Upper Silesia Agglomerations", Paderborn. In early 1919, the Polish–Czechoslovak War broke out around Cieszyn Silesia, whereafter Czechoslovakia gained the Zaolzie strip in addition to the Hlučín Region. Die Auswanderung von Oberschlesiern in die Bundesrepublik und die DDR, Wendezeit – Die Jahre 1989/1990 in Polen aus Sicht der oberschlesischen Deutschen, Schönwald – Ein fränkisches Dorf bei Gleiwitz, Siedlungen böhmischer „Hussiten“ im ehemals deutschen Oberschlesien, Das sprachliche Porträt der Region im 20. The men's outfit consists of a shacket, a shirt (vest), a white shirt, a silk shirt (silk scarf) or a dressing gown (ribbons), galot (trousers) or bizoków (trousers ironed to the edge) and szczewików (shoes). For centuries, Polish, Czech and German cuisine was mixed here. The ways of dressing intertwined with the movement of people in the 19th and 20th century. Oberschlesische Technikdenkmäler. After the Second World War, West Upper Silesia also became Polish as the result of the Potsdam Conference. The plan to divide the region was suggested by the Inter-Allied Commission on Upper Silesia, headed by the French general Henri Le Rond. Typical Upper Silesian dishes are consumed here, as well as dishes that are also present in Lesser Poland and Greater Poland at the same time. Upper Silesian cuisine belongs to Central European cuisines and is therefore characterized by high calorific value of dishes. Unlike in Lower Silesia, the Germanization process was halted; still a majority of the population spoke Polish and Silesian as their native language, often together with German (Silesian German) as a second language. Another channel is TVT. In 1919, after World War I, the eastern part of Prussian Upper Silesia (with a majority of ethnic Poles) came under Polish rule as the Silesian Voivodeship, while the mostly German-speaking western part remained part of the Weimar Republic as the newly established Upper Silesia Province. [3], or up to 1,560,000 together with bilinguals[3], United States Immigration Commission in 1911 classified Polish-speaking Silesians as Poles.[8]. In Upper Silesia, metallurgy, mining and other heavy industry branches are developed. Regionally oriented radio stations are Polskie Radio Opole and Polskie Radio Katowice of the state radio station. The autonomy movement is relatively young and was only founded in 1990 by Rudolf Kolodziejczyk in Rybnik. A small part south of the Opava River remained within the Habsburg-ruled Bohemian Crown as the "Duchy of Upper and Lower Silesia", colloquially called Austrian Silesia. Silesian women's clothes vary depending on the region and even the individual towns and villages they come from. In 2010, RAS (Ruch Autonomii Śląska) had 8.49% of the votes in the Silesian Regional Assembly, i.e. Die Volksabstimmung und die Teilung der Region in den Jahren 1921–1922. During the re-establishment of Poland under King Casimir III the Great, all Silesia was specifically excluded as non-Polish land by the 1335 Treaty of Trentschin becoming a land of the Bohemian Crown and — indirectly — of the Holy Roman Empire. The plans to re-unifiy Silesia shattered upon the Mongol invasion of Poland and the death of Duke Henry II the Pious at the 1241 Battle of Legnica. Incorporated into the Prussian Silesia Province from 1815, Upper Silesia became an industrial area taking advantage of its plentiful coal and iron ore. Prussian Upper Silesia became a part of the German Empire in 1871. Jahrhundert, https://doi.org/10.30965/9783657784820_003. A good many German-speaking Upper Silesians were relocated in Bavaria. The last pre-WW1 general census figures available, are from 1910 (if not including the 1911 census of school children - Sprachzählung unter den Schulkindern - which revealed a higher percent of Polish-speakers among school children than the 1910 census among the general populace).

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